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In extrinsic motivation, the harder question to answer is where do people get the motivation to carry out and continue to push with persistence.
Usually extrinsic motivation is used to attain outcomes that a person wouldn't get from intrinsic motivation.
His desire to play is strong enough to be considered intrinsic motivation because it is a natural feeling, and his desire to communicate with his therapist to get the train can be considered extrinsic motivation because the outside object is a reward (see incentive theory).
Communicating with the therapist is the first, slightly more challenging goal that stands in the way of achieving his larger goal of playing with the train.
For example, Eli, a 4-year-old with autism, wants to achieve the goal of playing with a toy train.
To get the toy, he must first communicate to his therapist that he wants it.
The field of behavioural economics is particularly concerned with the limits of rationality in economic agents.
Intrinsic motivation has been studied since the early 1970s.
Most psychological theories hold that motivation exists purely within the individual, but socio-cultural theories express motivation as an outcome of participation in actions and activities within the cultural context of social groups.The phenomenon of intrinsic motivation was first acknowledged within experimental studies of animal behavior.In these studies, it was evident that the organisms would engage in playful and curiosity driven behaviors in the absence of reward.Dopamine is further implicated in motivation as administration of amphetamine increased the break point in a progressive ratio self-reinforcement schedule.That is, subjects were willing to go to greater lengths (e.g. Motivation can be conceived of as a cycle in which thoughts influence behaviors, behaviors drive performance, performance affects thoughts, and the cycle begins again.
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The employee has the intrinsic motivation to gain more knowledge.